To come to Canada as a refugee under Canada’s Refugee and Humanitarian Resettlement Program, applicant cannot apply directly for resettlement to Canada at any embassy or a visa office, in deed must be:
- in need of protection who are outside Canada and outside their home country
- referred by the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) or another designated referral organization, or
- be sponsored by a private sponsorship group
Other than above mentioned program, Canada also offers refugee protection to some people in Canada, under section 94 and 95 of the IRPA. Who fear persecution or who would be in danger if they had to leave, some dangers they may face include torture, a risk to their life or a risk of cruel and unusual treatment or punishment. Refugee Protection Division (RPD) is in charge to decide on a claim.